Population Explosion: Before Becoming World’s most populated soon, what makes it important to check and introduce rectifications?
Kashif Hasnain (Photo/Video - Lokesh Goswami ) Ten News
New Delhi: Is population explosion a boon or a curse? We often debate on this topic. For countries like Spain, Italy, Japan where population is decreasing and their political agenda is to enlarge their population it might be considered as a boon. But in India population explosion is a curse and it is the mother of most of our problems.
India is already facing a lack of resources and with the rapidly increasing population the resources available per person will be reduced further, leading to increase in poverty, malnutrition, unemployment, crime, riots as well as shortage of land, food etc.
At present the population of India is more than 134 crore which ranks us as second most populated after China. This population constitutes around 18% of the total population of the world. It is quite astonishing that some of India’s states carry population larger than many big countries of the world. It is also said that we produce a new Australia every year.
Due to this steep rise in population more than half of the population is poor. In some countries like Japan, the big population has become a boon with most of the people being skilled. But in India we have unskilled poor people. They don’t know how to earn their livelihood. Therefore they resort to easy methods like begging, theft etc.
As per the latest United Nations’ estimate, India’s population could surpass that of China around 2024. It is being assumed that India’s population may touch 1.5 billion in 2030.
Who is responsible and why it is not an agenda even after 70 years of Independence ?
When India got independent, the population was around 35 to 40 crore and in just 70 years we have reached to 134 crore. The major reason behind this is lack of political will. Fearing backlash from different communities political parties never attempted to frame a policy to curb the population.
The need of the hour is, Union Government should draft a population control bill and make a law to curb the population. No matter what would be the consequences. Just like demonetization, where the entire country faced hardship and suffered for a noble cause, the Union Government should moot the idea to control population and implement it.
Effects of Over Population :
Even after 70 years of independence, the scenario of our country is not good, due to over population. Some major impacts of high population are as follows:
• Unemployment: Generating employment for a huge population in a country like India is very difficult. The number of illiterate persons increases every year. Unemployment rate is thus ever increasing.
• Pressure on infrastructure: Development of infrastructural facilities is unfortunately not keeping pace with the growth of population. The result is lack of transportation, communication, housing, education, healthcare etc. There has been an increase in the number of slums, overcrowded houses, traffic congestion etc.
• Resource utilisation: Land areas, water resources, forests are over exploited. There is also scarcity of resources.
• Decreased production and increased costs: Food production and distribution have not been able to catch up with the increasing population and hence the costs of production have increased. Inflation is the major consequence of over population.
• Inequitable income distribution: In the face of an increasing population, there is an unequal distribution of income and inequalities within the country.
Problems in implementing –
The success of family planning greatly depends on women and their status. Thus, it is imperative for the women to be educated so that they can decide on the number of children they want to have and be aware of the available birth control measures.
Also, in a country like India, it is important for the women to have equal rights in the decision about the number of children to be produced.
In India, almost no importance is given to the education of women because of the financial conditions in some families and the religious and social norms in some. In such a case, educating women about family planning becomes an even more difficult task.
India, being a diverse country, has people from all religions and of different family backgrounds. As mentioned earlier, in Islam, children are considered to be a gift of God, and thus Muslims do not believe in birth control measures. Also, among the Catholics, abortion is considered a sin. Thus, the people from such sects of the society do not follow family planning.
In India, most of the population lives in the rural areas. However, family planning is not widely advertised in rural areas. Also, in rural areas, social and religious norms are more strictly followed. As a result, all the above-mentioned problems are even more intense in rural areas with the addition of the lack of family planning facilities in those areas. In fact, from my own experience, family planning is considered a sin in most of the tribal and rural communities.
Steps to Control Population in India :
The Government of India, politicians, policy makers should initiate a bold population policy so that the economic growth of the country can keep pace with the demands of a growing population. Increasing the welfare and status of women and girls, spread of education, increasing awareness for the use of contraceptives and family planning methods, sex education, encouraging male sterilisation and spacing births, free distribution of contraceptives and condoms among the poor, encouraging female empowerment, more health care centres for the poor , to name a few, can play a major role in controlling population.
Experts are hopeful that by increasing public awareness and enlisting strict population control norms, we can lead the way for the country’s economic prosperity and control of population.
The researchers and studies suggested, to some population control measures such as follows –
1. Family planning: The most important method for reducing the growth of population is family planning. Couples should have children not by chance but by choice. The voluntary methods of family planning are
a) Moral restraint The use of birth control methods
2. Late marriage: By increasing the age of marriage. The present age of marriages is 18 for girls and 21 for boys. It must be increased.
3. Education: education would induce the people to adopt family planning measures.
4. Rapid economic development. Rapid economic development increases the employment opportunity, standard of living and birth rate to fall.
5. Urbanization: Almost all facilities medical, health, educational etc. are available in towns which help to reduce the birth rate.