Top 9 Blood Tests to Keep You Healthy, Happy, and Active
Physicians suggest checking your health on a regular basis when you reach a progressive age. In these check-ups, including a few common blood tests will be ideal to get a clear idea of the health and functioning of various organ systems in your body. Let us take a quick look at the nine common tests comprising a comprehensive blood checkup near me.
- Complete Blood Count (CBC or Hemogram)
This common blood test is conducted to measure the components and major cells of the blood. The major components are:
- Red blood cells (RBC)
- White blood cells (WBC)
- Mean Corpuscular Volume
- Hematocrit, etc
Checking these parameters lets the physicians diagnose abnormal levels of blood components, nutritional deficiencies, iron deficiency, heart conditions, tissue inflammation, symptoms of infections, etc.
- Liver Panel or Liver Function Test (LFT)
The liver is the largest gland in the human body that has a major role in the digestive system. A liver function test (LFT) is conducted to check the following biochemical substances produced by this organ.
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
Based on the outcomes of this test, if there is a rise in the levels of these substances in the blood, it signifies the presence of various liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver, etc.
- Electrolytes Panel
As the name suggests, an electrolyte panel test is conducted to check the levels of minerals and compounds present in the blood. The components are:
- Potassium (K)
- Sodium (Na)
- Magnesium (M)
- Chlorine (Cl)
Any abnormality in the levels of these mineral components will suggest hormonal imbalance, malnutrition, dehydration, etc.
- Thyroid Panel or Thyroid Function Test (TFT)
The thyroid gland is one of the most important endocrine glands that produce crucial hormones. A vivid thyroid function test (TFT) is conducted to check the level of components produced by this gland. These components are:
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): It modulates hormone levels produced by this gland
- Thyroxine (T4): It regulates metabolism and works with T3
- Triiodothyronine (T3): It regulates body temperature and heart rate
A blood test at home in Delhi to check these components will indicate any abnormality occurring in this gland. For instance, this test can reveal abnormal protein levels, improper sex hormone (estrogens and testosterone) levels, thyroid growth disorders, etc.
- Lipid Panel
Another important blood test, the lipid panel checks the levels of cholesterols in blood. The components measured in this test are:
- High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) or Good Cholesterol
- Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDl) or Bad Cholesterol
- Total Cholesterol
The results of this panel test will signify and detect the risk of cardiovascular diseases. It can also aid in improving your lifestyle choices and habits.
- Diabetes Panel
One of the most essential tests one should do on a regular basis after reaching a progressive age is the diabetes panel. In this panel test, the following components are measured.
- Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) Level
- Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c)
- Post-meal Blood Glucose Level
Based on the outcomes of this test, the blood sugar level of an individual can be concluded. It also signifies how efficiently the hormones are controlling the blood sugar levels before and after a meal. It can also depict whether a patient is diabetic or not or he is in the pre-diabetic phase. This test is conducted frequently for senior individuals.
- Inflammatory Markers
Checking inflammatory markers in blood will help physicians and clinicians to diagnose the presence of inflammation in any organ system or significant tissues in the human body. The levels of such inflammatory markers are checked by collecting a blood sample. For instance, homocysteine, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), etc are checked.
The elevated levels of CRP indicate inflammation majorly in the cardiovascular system such as the heart, arteries, rheumatoid arthritis, and even irritable bowel disease (IBD). It can also detect the development of depression in a patient.
- Essential Nutrients
The human body needs a certain level of nutrients to manage and perform daily bodily functions. Many nutrients are also essential for the health and functioning of organs and tissues. A comprehensive blood checkup near me is done to check the levels of essential nutrients such as Vitamin D, Vitamin B, Iron, magnesium, etc.
The lower levels of these essential nutrients will indicate an improper diet and other complications. Doctors prescribe supplements to achieve the desired levels and avoid risks of developing heart diseases, skin diseases, anaemia, chronic pain, risk of falling, fragile bones, etc.
- Coagulation Panel
As the name suggests, this test comprehensively checks the levels of different blood components that are responsible for the perfect coagulation of blood. For instance, this test includes the international normalised ratio (INR) and prothrombin time test (PT) to check the time taken to clot blood. It is a crucial process to detect any critical issues such as leukaemia, haemophilia, liver conditions, thrombosis, Vitamin K deficiency, etc.
These tests, thus, are quite crucial to get done at regular intervals. Seek medical supervision before and after taking the tests to evaluate the outcomes.